Base sa record sa Dumaguete City Health Office gikan sa tuig 2015 hangtud sa 2018 nag una nga hinungdan sa kamatayon sa katawhan sa dakbayan ang sakit nga cancer ug sepsis.
Sa samang tuig (2015-2018) matud ni City Health Officer Dr. Ma Sarah Talla nga mokabat sa 10,412 ang namatay tungod sa nagkadaiyang sakit samtang na rehistro nga “live births” sulod sa upat ka tuig mikabat ug 8,992.
Gi klaro ni Dr. Talla nga ang gidaghanon sa nangamatay base sa ilang record naglakip sa mga katawhang nasulod sa mga tambalan nga gi refer gikan sa city health office.
Ang uban niini gikan sa ubang lungsod ug dakbayan sa Negros Oriental ug rehiyon nga na record ang lugar nga Dumaguete City diin sila nakabsan sa kinabuhi (place of death).
Base gihapon sa record sa City Health Office dunay 16 ka “maternal deaths” kon mga inahang samkon nga namatay ug tungod sa pagpanganak ang natala sa tuig 2015; 13 sa tuig 2016, 11 sa 2017 ug 18 maternal deaths sa 2018.
Gipahibalo usab ni Dr. Talla nga adunay 114 ka kaso sa puya nga wala pay usa ka tuig ang namatay sa tuig 2015; 135 ka puya sa 2016; 100 sa 2017 ug 146 sa tuig 2018.
Subay niini adunay 626 ka kabataan nga ga edad ug 1-5 anyos ang namatay gikan sa 2015 hangtud 2018.
Gawas sa cancer ug sepsis ubang mga sakit nga maoy hinungdan sa kamatayon sa katawhan sa Dumaguete City ang cardiac arrest, Pneumonia, kidney failure, cerebrovascular disease ug stroke; aksidente sa dalan samtang nag biyahe ug “multi-organ failure.”
Aron malikayan ang mga sakit, nag awhag si Dr. Talla nga mag amping sa pagkaon ug likayan ang “stress.”
Dugang ni Talla nga ang pagpanigarilyo, mga pagkaon nga taas sa cholesterol ug sodium angay nga likayan.
Mga pagkaon nga daghan ug asin ug asukal likayan usab aron ma maintain ang normal nga blood pressure ug timbang.
Panapos ni Talla nga mogahin usab og hustong oras sa pagkatulog og 30 minutos nga exercise matag adlaw ug labing importante nga mokaon og daghang prutas ug utanon.
Five municipalities in Negros Oriental recorded the lowest malnutrition rate in 2018.
Provincial Nutrition Action Officer, Dr. Liland Estacion disclosed this during the Kapihan sa PIA forum held recently.
Estacion said the municipality of Pamplona registered the lowest malnutrition rate in the province with .5 percent, followed by Dauin with 1.8 percent, Sibulan with 2.4 percent, La Libertad with 3.6 percent, and Siaton with 4.2 percent.
The Provincial Nutrition Action Officer lauded these municipalities especially Pamplona town for their efforts in minimizing the malnutrition rate in their areas.
Estacion said Pamplona has different local support groups and cooperatives that help provide nutrition interventions for children.
On the other hand, the top 10 municipalities with high malnutrition rates are Tayasan, Vallehermoso, Manjuyod, San Jose, Mabinay, Sta. Catalina, Basay, Bindoy, Ayungon, and Jimalalud.
For the component cities category, Canlaon City has the lowest malnutrition rate among the cities of the province with 2.1 percent, followed by Dumaguete City with 2.2 percent, and Tanjay City with 2.9 percent.
Meanwhile, Guihulngan City has the highest malnutrition rate with 9.5 percent, Bais City with 6.6 percent, and Bayawan City with 4.9 percent.
For 2018, the malnutrition rate in the province is 5.6 percent.
Estacion sees this as a huge improvement from the province’s malnutrition rate when Negros Oriental Gov. Roel Degamo stepped into office, which was then at 8.6 percent.
“For 2019, I hope na kaning atong malnutrition rate mo-lower down pa because bag-o man mandate ang atong newly elected, re-elected officials (I am hoping that the malnutrition rate would drop further this 2019 especially with the new mandate given to our newly elected and re-elected officials),” Estacion said.
For now, the PNC’s focus is addressing the problem in stunting.
Stunting occurs when a child’s height is lower than the standard set for a child’s age.
Estacion cited this nutrition concern starts at the conception of the child or in the womb of the mother.
She stressed the importance of providing nutrition interventions during the first 1,000 days of the infant.
“Mao na ron ang atong gi-focus. Sugod pa pagmapdos sa bata hangtod na ang bata mahimong 2 years old. It is part of the program of the government na ang pre-natal tapos manghatag ta ug vitamins. Manghatag ta ug calcium sa mga indigent na mama para matagaan nato ug proteksyon ang mga bata inig gawas nila (That’s what we are focusing on right now. It is part of the program of the government to provide pre-natal care including provision of vitamins and calcium to indigent mothers to protect the child starting from their conception until they reach two years old),” Estacion explained.
The World Health Organization (WHO), in its website also noted that impaired growth can also bring other negative effects in the development of a child.
These include poor cognition, lost productivity, and when accompanied by excessive weight gain later in childhood, an increased risk of nutrition-related chronic diseases in adult life.
“So gitagad gyud nato ang first 1, 000 days sa life sa bata kay didto nato makita ang iyan stunting. Stunting man gyud karon ang gi-focus sa atong national government. Sa tibuok Pilipinas daghan pod ang stunted (We are really focusing on the first 1,000 days of life because this is where we address stunting. Stunting is also a concern of our national government. There are a lot of stunted kids across the nation),” Estacion said.
This July, the province joins the nation in observing the National Nutrition Month with the theme “Kumain Nang Wasto at Maging Aktibo… Push Natin To!” which advocates for an active lifestyle complemented with a healthy and balanced diet.
With this, Estacion renewed calls for the different stakeholders to practice a healthy lifestyle.
“Each and every one can contribute to the better nutrition and physical activity for better health,” Estacion emphasized.
Dumaguete City Health Office has recorded sepsis and cancer are the leading causes of deaths in Dumaguete City with 1,583 and 1,116 cases, respectively from 2015 to 2018.
City Health Officer Dr. Ma. Sarah Talla also reported that in the same period about 10, 412 people died due to different causes while the number of live births in the four-year period reached only 8, 992.
However, Dr. Talla clarified that the number of deaths included those admitted in several hospitals of the city where serious cases were usually referred.
Some of those who died are not actual residents of Dumaguete City but from other cities and towns of the province and region, whose deaths are included in the report for the city as the place of occurrence, she added.
Meanwhile, the number of maternal mortality or mothers who died due to pregnancy and childbirth has fluctuated since 2015 (16 deaths), 2016 (13), 2017 (11) and 2018 (18 deaths).
On the other hand, 114 infants died before reaching the age of one-year old in 2015; 135 infants in 2016; 100 in 2017 and 113 in 2018.
It is also recorded that, 626 children (age 1-5 years old) died in the last 4 years: 157 children in 2015; 188 in 2016; 135 in 2017 and 146 in 2018.
From 2015-2016 the six other top causes of death aside from sepsis and cancer are the following: cardiac arrest, 976 deaths; Pneumonia, 926; kidney failure, 708; cerebrovascular disease/stroke 569; vehicular accidents 504 and multi-organ failure, 374.
Talla said that in many cases, people need only to live a healthy and stress-free lifestyle to avoid acquiring the diseases in the first place.
She counsels for individuals to avoid smoking, processed food and those with high cholesterol; consume moderate amounts of alcohol, salt and sugar; maintain normal blood pressure and ideal body weight; get enough sleep; maintain a well-balanced diet; indulge in a 30 minute daily exercise and eat more fruits and vegetables. (jct/PIA7-Negros Oriental with reports from CPIO Dems Demecillo)