By Jennifer Catan-Tilos
NEGROS ORIENTAL (PIA) — Department of Science and Technology (DOST) here announced the Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes (RENI) for Filipinos from the Food and Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI).
RENI is the daily recommended amount of energy and nutrients, including macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, and fat) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) to maintain the nutritional well-being and health of Filipinos of various age groups and categories, whether non-pregnant, pregnant, and lactating.
FNRI is committed to lead the nation to a healthy citizenry by continuously innovating and improving food and nutrition tools for the Filipinos.
The Institute’s RENI for infants from birth to less than six months are “adequate intakes” (AI) derived from the intakes of fully breastfed infants, based on an average daily milk consumption of 750 mL for the first six months multiplied by the nutrient concentration in breast milk.
FNRI director Dr. Mario Capanzana said for older infants (six to less than 12 months), the RNI includes the amount of nutrient provided in both breast milk (based on average breast milk consumption of 600 mL) and complementary foods.
For an individual, the recommended energy requirement is the level of energy intake from food that will balance energy expenditure when the individual has a body size and composition, and level of physical activity, consistent with long-term good health as well as allow for the maintenance of economically necessary and socially desirable physical activity, explained Dr. Capanzana.
“The recommendation for infants is based on new estimates derived from total energy expenditure (TEE) by the doubly labeled water (DLW) method, and on energy deposition based on rates of protein and fat gains.” Capanzana said.
For children, the recommendations are based on an extensive review on energy expenditure, growth and activity patterns of free-living, healthy children and adolescents.
In addition to the recommended intakes of macronutrients and micronutrients of the 2002 RENI, the new dietary reference intake features the maximum level of sodium and free sugar.
However, the requirements for vitamin A have increased for 10 years old and above due to lower liver storage efficiency of ingested vitamin A in the body.
As concepts of health and nutritional adequacy change, the PDRI encompasses a set of multi-level recommendations composed of nutrient-based reference values.
These multi-level reference values include estimated average requirements, recommended energy and nutrient intakes, adequate intakes, and tolerable upper intake levels.
Moreover, the PDRI includes the acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, as well as recommended intakes of dietary fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
The PDRI is a helpful tool in updating the existing food and nutrition policies in public health programs of the country to achieve a well-nourished citizenry. (rmn/jct/PIA7-Negros Oriental/DOST/This article was first published at PIA website on Feb. 26, 2015)